GK Questions Answers - History - Harappan Indus Civilisation, Important sites

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GK Questions Answers CLASS 1 - Harappan Indus Civilisation


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Here in this SET 1 we will discuss the Harappan Indus civilisation. So, let's start !!

GK Questions Answers - Indian History - Harappan Indus Civilisation

Important points and introduction

1. Oldest name - Indus civilisation (Indus valley civilisation)

2. Harappa is the 1st discovered site therefore also known as Harappan civilisation

3. The civilisation is also called as Indus-saraswati civilization (as 80% of settlement were done along Saraswati river)

4. At first the term 'Indus civilization' was used by John Marshall (he was a Scholar)

5. The indus civilisation belongs to Bronze age / Chalcolithic age

6. The civilization was spread to - Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Haryana, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra (northern part), Uttar pradesh (western part)

7. Different geographical parts of Indus civilization -

* North part - Ropar (Punjab), Manda (Jammu in Jammu and Kashmir)

* South part - Bhagatrav (Gujarat), Daimabad (Maharashtra)

* Eastern part - Alamgirpur (Uttar pradesh)

* Western part - Sutkagen dor (Pakistan-Iran border)

8. Important capital cities of Harappan indus civilisation - Mohenjodaro, Harappa

9. Important port cities during this period -

Lothal - Gujarat
Sutkagen dor - Pakistan Iran border
Allahdino - Karachi, Pakistan
Balakot - Pakistan
Kuntasi - Gujarat

Important sites during this period with special characteristics which generally comes in exam

Harappa

* It was situated near Ravi river

* This site was in Pakistan (then Punjab, Sahiwal district)

* This site was excavated by Daya ram sahni

Mohenjodaro

* Near river Indus

* Located in Pakistan (Sindh, Larkana district)

* Excavated by Rakhal das bannerji

Chanhudaro

* This site was near the river Indus

* Located in Pakistan (Sindh, Nawabshah district)

Lothal

* Near river Bhogava

* Located in India (Gujarat, Ahmedabad)

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