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SSC CGL Coaching - CLASS 1 - Indian Constitution and its Features

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ssc CGL coaching class 1 - Indian constitution, polity


SSC CGL Coaching / Preparation - General knowledge > Indian Constitution and its Features:-

Welcome to www.Coaching123.in > one stop destination for govt jobs coaching and competitive exam preparation. If you are looking for SSC CGL coaching classes, then you have landed in the correct place. We are India's leading govt jobs coaching / preparation online coaching portal.

We are starting a new classroom specially for online SSC CGL Preparation and this is the CLASS 1, where we are going to discuss the GK part i.e. Indian Constitution and its IMPORTANT Features WITH Indian polity. This class is very much important as here we have covered some basic concepts related to our constitution and Indian polity.

So, let's start! For better results make notes, or you can bookmark our website www.Coaching123.in for future reading!


SSC CGL Preparation - CLASS 1 - General knowledge > Indian constitution and its basic features

Indian constitution important introduction and important notes related to SSC CGL exam -


Our Indian constitution is called as Federal system of Government. But why ?

* As per Professor Garner, federal system is > a type of government where the administrative power is divided into the centre and the states. And both are supreme within their ruling and decision making system. Both the state and central government draw their authority from the constitution.

* Both the state and central govt operate within their respective spheres without interfering each other's jurisdiction.

* The original constitution has 395 Articles, 8 Schedules, 22 parts and is a written form of constitution at the time of commencement.

* The supreme court of India is the apex court in India and is the guardian of the Indian constitution.

* The constitution of India has bicameral Parliament which has two houses -

1. Lok sabha
2. Rajya sabha

* Lok sabha is the lower house and Rajya sabha is the upper house

* The Indian constitution has a single citizenship system for each citizens and the power to grant or withdraw the citizenship lies within the Indian parliament.

* Emergency provisions - Under article 352, 356 and 360, the president of India can declare emergency. During the emergency period the union can issue directions and orders to the states.


Governors

* They are appointed by the president and holds their office during his pleasure

* They are the administrative heads of the state administrations BUT are agents of the centre

* The states have no right to say in their appointments and their removal from their duty


All India services officers like IAS, IPS

* IAS, IPS officers are appointed by the president with the recommendations of the UPSC (union public service commission)

* These officers are accountable to Union government


Judges of High court

* They are appointed by the President

* They are removed by the President after impeached by the Parliament


Election commission

* The members of Election commission are appointed by President with the consultation of Prime minister


CAG (Comptroller and Auditor general)

* He audits the accounts of the center and the states

* Often called as watchdog of Indian revenue system

* He is appointed by President


The President

* He is elected by an electoral college consists of elected member of both houses of parliament (i.e. Lok sabha and Rajya sabha) AND elected members of state legislative assembly (i.e. vidhan sabha) AND two union territories (i.e. Delhi and Puducherry); under a system of proportional representation with single transferable vote

* The voting is done under a secret ballot. The election method is indirect.

* President is the first highest constitutional post of India

* Age required to be elected as a president - minimum 35 years

* He holds his office for a period of 5 years

* He is eligible for re-election

* He takes oath by the CJI (Chief justice of India)

* If the President wants to resign from his duties, then he would submit his resignation letter to the Vice-president of India

* He is the executive head of the Republic of India

* He is ex-officio supreme commander of defence forces (army, airforce, navy)

* He can make peace or can declare war (as per the part 18 of Indian constitution he can declare emergency rule in any part of India)

* He makes major constitutional appointments like Chief justice, governors, prime minister, ministers

* Except the money bill, any bill passed by Parliament must receive his accent before becoming a Act

* He can address any house of the parliament (Lok sabha or rajya sabha)

* The president can dissolve the Lok sabha and can declare fresh elections

* He can issue ordinance when Parliament is not in session

* No money bill can be introduced in the parliament without President's accent

* He appoints finance commission after 5 years

* Judges of supreme court and high court are appointed by him

* He can grant pardon, death sentence, punishment and he is not answerable to any law or court

* During some critical conditions he can suspend the whole constitution or some articles from it under emergency like -

a. financial emergency
b. failure of constitution in a state
c. any external war
d. army rebellion


Vice President

* Vice-President is the second highest constitutional post of India

* He is the ex-officio chairman of Rajya sabha

* Age required to be elected as a vice-president - minimum 35 years

* He is elected by the members of both houses of parliament (i.e. Lok sabha and Rajya sabha); under a system of proportional representation with single transferable vote

* The voting is done under a secret ballot. The election method is indirect.

* All the disputes (if any) during the election is handled by the Supreme Court

* He holds his office for a period of 5 years

* He takes oath by the President of India

* If the vice-President wants to resign from his duties, then he would submit his resignation letter to the president of India

* During President absent (illness, death, removal, resignation); the Vice-president act as a president for maximum period of 6 months, till a new president is elected


This class was the CLASS 1. In the next CLASS 2, we will cover some more topics. Keep visiting www.Coaching123.in! Link for the CLASS 2 will be mention here after it get published.


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