Competitive Exam Govt jobs Coaching SET 7 - Indian constitution, Indian polity

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Competitive Exam Govt jobs Coaching Class 7 - Indian constitution, Indian polity


Online Government jobs coaching SET 7 - Welcome to www.Coaching123.in > one stop destination for govt jobs, competitive exam coaching.

As you all know here in this educational portal we provide government jobs coaching by providing our exclusive NOTES and study materials. In the previous SET 6 we have discussed some History and Geography Notes. If you have missed the SET then you can read it here.


* SET 6 - Click here to read

Here in today's SET 7 we will be discussing basic concepts of Indian constitution and Indian polity. We will discuss here -

* Indian constitution facts

* Houses of parliament (lok sabha, rajya sabha and their features)

* Governors, high court judges

* CAG, President, vice president

So, let's start today's class. For better result you can make notes or you can bookmark our website www.Coaching123.in for future reading !

Government jobs competitive exam coaching SET 7 - Indian constitution and Indian polity 



Our Indian constitution is called as Federal system of Government. But why ?

* As per Professor Garner, federal system is > a type of government where the administrative power is divided into the centre and the states. And both are supreme within their ruling and decision making system. Both the state and central government draw their authority from the constitution.

* Both the state and central govt operate within their respective spheres without interfering each other's jurisdiction.

* The original constitution has 395 Articles, 8 Schedules, 22 parts and is a written form of constitution at the time of commencement.

* The supreme court of India is the apex court in India and is the guardian of the Indian constitution.

* The constitution of India has bicameral Parliament which has two houses -

1. Lok sabha
2. Rajya sabha

* Lok sabha is the lower house and Rajya sabha is the upper house

* The Indian constitution has a single citizenship system for each citizens and the power to grant or withdraw the citizenship lies within the Indian parliament.

* Emergency provisions - Under article 352, 356 and 360, the president of India can declare emergency. During the emergency period the union can issue directions and orders to the states.


Governors

* They are appointed by the president and holds their office during his pleasure

* They are the administrative heads of the state administrations BUT are agents of the centre

* The states have no right to say in their appointments and their removal from their duty


All India services officers like IAS, IPS

* IAS, IPS officers are appointed by the president with the recommendations of the UPSC (union public service commission)

* These officers are accountable to Union government


Judges of High court

* They are appointed by the President

* They are removed by the President after impeached by the Parliament


Election commission

* The members of Election commission are appointed by President with the consultation of Prime minister


CAG (Comptroller and Auditor general)

* He audits the accounts of the center and the states

* Often called as watchdog of Indian revenue system

* He is appointed by President


The President

* He is elected by an electoral college consists of elected member of both houses of parliament (i.e. Lok sabha and Rajya sabha) AND elected members of state legislative assembly (i.e. vidhan sabha) AND two union territories (i.e. Delhi and Puducherry); under a system of proportional representation with single transferable vote

* The voting is done under a secret ballot. The election method is indirect.

* President is the first highest constitutional post of India

* Age required to be elected as a president - minimum 35 years

* He holds his office for a period of 5 years

* He is eligible for re-election

* He takes oath by the CJI (Chief justice of India)

* If the President wants to resign from his duties, then he would submit his resignation letter to the Vice-president of India

* He is the executive head of the Republic of India

* He is ex-officio supreme commander of defence forces (army, airforce, navy)

* He can make peace or can declare war (as per the part 18 of Indian constitution he can declare emergency rule in any part of India)

* He makes major constitutional appointments like Chief justice, governors, prime minister, ministers

Except the money bill, any bill passed by Parliament must receive his accent before becoming a Act

* He can address any house of the parliament (Lok sabha or rajya sabha)

* The president can dissolve the Lok sabha and can declare fresh elections

* He can issue ordinance when Parliament is not in session

* No money bill can be introduced in the parliament without President's accent

* He appoints finance commission after 5 years

* Judges of supreme court and high court are appointed by him

* He can grant pardon, death sentence, punishment and he is not answerable to any law or court

* During some critical conditions he can suspend the whole constitution or some articles from it under emergency like -

a. financial emergency
b. failure of constitution in a state
c. any external war
d. army rebellion


Vice President

* Vice-President is the second highest constitutional post of India

* He is the ex-officio chairman of Rajya sabha

* Age required to be elected as a vice-president - minimum 35 years

* He is elected by the members of both houses of parliament (i.e. Lok sabha and Rajya sabha); under a system of proportional representation with single transferable vote

* The voting is done under a secret ballot. The election method is indirect.

* All the disputes (if any) during the election is handled by the Supreme Court

* He holds his office for a period of 5 years

* He takes oath by the President of India

* If the vice-President wants to resign from his duties, then he would submit his resignation letter to the president of India

* During President absent (illness, death, removal, resignation); the Vice-president act as a president for maximum period of 6 months, till a new president is elected


Hope you have liked the class. Keep visiting us for the next SET. We will mention the link here after publish. 

# SET 8 published - GK questions answers on Geography - click here


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